Pale lager is the world’s most popular type of beer. It originated in the city of Pilsen in the Czech Republic. These are bottom-fermented beers and are, like the name implies, light or golden in colour. Most varieties have a mild taste, although there are exceptions to this. Pale lagers are intended to be fresh and crisp, and the taste is characterised by the grain used in brewing the beer, high carbonation and low to medium bitterness. Hops are used to counterbalance the sweetness of the malt. The alcohol content is usually 4.5% to 5.6%.